Nurses are highly accountable to patients, the public, employers, and the entire profession. Critically analyse how ethical, professional and legal issues underpin nursing practice. 3. Be accurate, factual, objective, complete, precise, and clear. It depends on your state, because each state has its own laws pertaining to this. There are three primary duties for nurses, among many others, which are the duty of autonomy, confidentiality, and duty of care to all patients. F. A nurse should reveal client’s confidential information only to appropriate health-care team members. Failure to follow the hospital’s rules could be considered negligence. Law and ethics are related. Should I follow a physician’s orders if (a) I know it is wrong, or (b) I disagree with his or her judgment? Maintain body temperature at greater than 96.8°F with room temperature at 70° to 80°F, warming blankets, warmer for intravenous fluids. E. A nurse is legally responsible when participating in a criminal act (such as assisting with criminal abortions or taking medications from client’s supply for own use). References. This essay will discuss the underpinning professional, ethical and legal principles of nursing using the standards of conduct outlined by the professional regulatory body; the Nursing and Midwifery Council in the code of conduct (NMC 2009). Legal is an important part of nursing, however, ethics is just as important as it varies from person to person. c. may perform nursing actions only under the supervision of a licensed nurse. Ethics regards standards of moral judgement and professional conduct. As with other educational needs, nurses assess client and staff member educational deficits and educational needs relating to the legal issues that impact on their care and the care that nurses provide, respectively. Contraindications for being organ donator: HIV-positive status and metastatic cancer. Start studying Legal & Ethical Aspects of Nursing. Law is the result of the minimum level of shared values or ethics of a community of people. Maintain central venous pressure at 8 to 10 mm Hg and systolic blood pressure at greater than 90 mm Hg to prevent hypotension caused by complete dilation of systemic vasculature due to destruction of brain’s vasomotor center, cessation of antidiuretic hormone production, and decreased cardiac output. Loss of or damage to client’s property— dentures, jewelry, money. Nurses are legally, ethically and morally responsible for delivering safe and competent care in the scope of their nursing practice. iThese d… Selected person does not have to reveal in court a client’s communication to him or her. Have all spaces filled in on documentation forms; leave no blank spaces. Overview Legal Aspects of Documentation Part of Patient’s Medical Record Record in Real Time Falsifying Documentation Subject to Litigation, Audit and Review Nursing Points General Legal Aspects of Documentation Part of patient’s medical record Communicates information between providers Patients will be able to see what is written Document in real time Chart care in real […] Guidelines regarding who can donate, how donations are to be made, and who can receive donated organs (Uniform Anatomical Gift Act). They are taught at school and every nurse is expected to uphold them throughout the nursing career (Brent, 2001). The medic … Legal and medical nursing aspects of documentation, recording and reporting Med Law. The text of the legislation for regulating nurses, midwives and nursing associates. Legal Aspects of Nursing is the ideal companion for introductory and specialist study and uses a number of features to help enhance understanding: Practical dilemma boxes present the law working within the context of realistic scenarios. 2. Learn how your comment data is processed. Today, legal issues remain relevant and are often intertwined with ethical issues. Legal Issues in Nursing. Nursing scholars, however, have increasingly shifted their attention from law and traditional bioethics topics to the day-to-day ethical concerns of nursing practice, as described below. Generally, no. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Nurses may act in ways that are legal but not ethical. However, if the nurse is a witness against the client, without the client’s permission to release information, the nurse must keep the information confidential by invoking the privileged communication rule if the state law recognizes it and if it applies to the nurse. Maintain greater than 100% PaO2 and suction/turn and use positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to prevent hypoxemia caused by airway obstruction, pulmonary edema. It is a truism that every elderly person is different. Crime: an act committed in violation of societal law and punishable by fine or imprisonment. It points out the common deficiencies in this respect and describes the legal, clinical, medical and nursing implications of proper reporting. you practice nursing and is the foundation on which nursing is built. The fact that a person is over 60 or 70 or 80 or 90 says absolutely nothing else about them. Nurses have a responsibility, to themselves and their clients, to … client is harmed by it. ... share all critical information with doctors, and adhere to legal and ethical standards of their work. Inappropriate use of equipment (e.g., excessive IV fluids via pump). Maintain fluid and electrolyte balance due to volume depletion. I. Prohibits selling of organs (National Organ Transplant Act). Wrong medicine, wrong dose and concentration, wrong route, wrong client. Guidelines regarding who can donate, how donations are to be made, and who can receive donated organs (Uniform Anatomical Gift Act). Focus topic: Legal Aspects of Nursing A.Legal aspects to protect potential donors and to expedite acquisition 1. You are responsible for providing continuity of care when the client is moved from one facility to another. Reach out to our friendly support for all your questions. Brilliant Nurse® is a career platform & bridge for all nurses and allied healthcare folks. Types of negligent acts related to: 3. Circumstances under which confidential information can be released include: Your email address will not be published. Health care professionals practice in an environment that is complex, with many regulations, laws and standards of practice. The medic … All facts and information regarding a person’s condition, treatment, care, progress, and response to illness and treatment. A nurse may accept responsibility for witnessing a consent. This applies only to court proceedings. This lesson will introduce you to the basic legal concepts and terminology of today's professional nursing. Legal and ethical issues are prevalent in the health care industry, and in particular for the nursing practice, where nurses have daily individual contact with patients. By statutory mandate, as in reporting cases of communicable diseases or child, elder, or dependent adult abuse. Legal and ethical issues are prevalent in the health care industry, and in particular for the nursing practice, where nurses have daily individual contact with patients. Competency 7 Legal Aspects of Nursing Care. Entries should: A. A nurse is not responsible for the negligence of the employer (hospital). A. (This is the physician’s responsibility.) Chapter 03: Legal and Ethical Aspects of Nursing Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Falls: side rails left down, infant left unattended. Implications for nursing—avoid unnecessary discussion of client’s medical condition; client has a right to refuse to participate in clinical teaching; obtain consent before teaching conference. This course is one that is of utmost importance to Nurses who need a ground understanding the essentials of the law in Nursing. Get an awesome nursing career ahead! Ethics regards standards of moral judgement and professional conduct. Fraud, negligence, and malpractice are torts (e.g., losing a client’s hearing aid, or bathing the client in water that causes burns). Prospective donors of both organs and tissues: those with no neurological functions, but have cardiopulmonary functions. All Rights Reserved. Hurst Review Services: Caring: The Care of Nursing Practice. Give fluid bolus and vasopressors, and monitor sodium levels. After this assessment, educational activities to meet identified educational needs are planned, implemented and evaluated in terms of their effectiveness in meeting the educational need that was identified. If you do not tell the physician and carry out the task, you are solely liable. The writer should first in one paragraph elaborate on the legal components of this case below which is “informed consent and risk versus benefit” and then he will go ahead and use the point listed below as subheadings and them respond to them in detail citing court cases and using peer review articles to supports the facts. Dimond, B 1994, The Legal Aspects of Midwifery, Books for Midwives Press, Cheshire. Ethical issues are wide-ranging, from organ donation, genetic engineering, assisted suicide, withholding treatment in end-of-life care, or simple procedures requiring consent. Examples of such actions include; homicide, manslaughter, theft, arson, rape, and illegal possession of controlled drugs or arms. B. Each registered nurse is directly accountable and responsible to the consumer for the quality of nursing care rendered.” (American Nurses Association: Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice. Legal issues in nursing ppt 1. ... A friendly attitude and professional appearance are also important in professional nursing care. Implications for nursing—need to obtain consent to treat, with special provisions when clients are underage, unconscious, or mentally ill. —protects health practitioners against malpractice claims resulting from assistance provided at scene of an emergency (unless there was willful wrongdoing) as long as the level of care provided is the same as any other reasonably prudent person would give under similar circumstances. —wrongful action of communication that damages person’s reputation by print, writing, or pictures (libel), or by spoken word using false words (slander). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. —mandatory licensure required in order to practice nursing. Legal definition of brain death (Uniform Determination of Death Act)—absence of: breathing movement, cranial nerve reflex, response to any level of painful stimuli, and cerebral blood flow; and flat EEG. © 2020 Lakehead University. There are three main components. When legal issues arise, the nursing documentation becomes a central part of proving whether standards of care were met or not. Nurses are highly accountable to patients, the … Criminal law is an important aspect of public law and it deals with actions against the safety and welfare of the public. Overview Legal Aspects of Documentation Part of Patient’s Medical Record Record in Real Time Falsifying Documentation Subject to Litigation, Audit and Review Nursing Points General Legal Aspects of Documentation Part of patient’s medical record Communicates information between providers Patients will be able to see what is written Document in real time Chart care in real […] The client’s consent for this exchange of information should be obtained. Why is it important? A. Key case and statute boxes highlight the most-important case law and legislation to be aware of. 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