Those born under the Gemini zodiac sign enjoy socializing and love surrounding themselves with people. If COVID wasn’t enough for us to put on an extra 10 or 20 pounds, now we have to contend with Thanksgiving, Christmas, Hanukkah and ringing in … Jason Anthony MacDonald (born June 3, 1975) is a retired Canadian mixed martial artist who is perhaps best known for his two stints with the Ultimate Fighting Championship as a … Let’s find out! If there is any information missing, we will be updating this page soon. 1929 – Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their border dispute from the War of the Pacific (1879�83). Jason Macdonald (MMA Fighter) was born on the 3rd of June, 1975. Watch Queue Queue Retired Canadian middleweight for the UFC and MFC finished his career with a 25-16 record. We have found 117 people in the UK with the name Jason Macdonald. We named her Tru", Professional MMA record for Jason MacDonald, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jason_MacDonald&oldid=991721561, Canadian practitioners of Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Ultimate Fighting Championship male fighters, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, AFC Light Heavyweight Championship (One time), This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 13:53. At the MFC 21 event on May 15, 2009, MacDonald announced that he was returning to the Canadian promotion Maximum Fighting Championship. Despite earlier suggestions from Dana White that MacDonald's position in the UFC roster was safe despite his recent lack of success, the UFC released MacDonald several weeks later. View the profiles of people named Jason MacDonald. But they can also be amorous, hesitant, stubborn, timid, conservative. Matchmaker Joe Silva commented that the door would be left open for MacDonald to return should he earn a few more victories in smaller promotions.[3]. We will continue to update details on Jason Macdonald’s family. They enjoy chit-chat and tend to have expression and communication very high on their list of priorities. Won the vacant AFC Light Heavyweight Championship. Although, they can be too talkative, exaggerating, deceptive, cunning, superficial, and inconsistent. [9] He lost the fight via KO in the first round. ... "Using 1900 as a missing data code for birthdates was discussed by a conservative presenter in a report to Trump's voter integrity commission. Jason Anthony MacDonald (born June 3, 1975) is a Canadian former mixed martial artist. This marked his third victory over The Ultimate Fighter veterans. They avoid arguing with others, and have a capability of converting an enemy into a friend. He fought Travis Lutter in the main event of MFC 22 on October 2, 2009, losing a unanimous decision. [12], MacDonald and his wife Kelly have four children, sons Tristin and Keel and daughters Jett and True.[13][14]. La sua principale attività nel mondo del cinema è quella di interprete e tra i lavori più interessanti possiamo citare la partecipazione nel film Missing (2003) di Mike Rohl, David Wu, Neill Fearnley, Holly Dale, Steven Goldmann, Kristoffer Tabori, Ken Girotti dove ha interpretato la parte di Douglas. At UFC 97, MacDonald suffered a first-round TKO loss to Nate Quarry due to elbows from a mounted position. On March 20, 2010, MacDonald replaced Denis Kang in the main event of W1 Bad Blood. Amy MacDonald cuts a stylish figure in a glittery top and skinny jeans as she performs at a charity gala in Germany. CBS 17 asked if the hospital system was prepared for this undertaking. The Canadian mma fighter has been alive for 16,639 days or 399,354 hours. A 22-year-old North Carolina man pleaded guilty to helping an international terrorist group plot to blow up a northern Minnesota courthouse, the U.S. Attorney’s Office announced Wednesday. This post is often updated with new information on Jason Macdonald’s estimated income, salary and earnings. 2001 Thank You, Good Night (still photographer) Edit Personal Details. MacDonald began his career in local Canadian promotions, including the MFC, racking up a 16-7 professional record which included wins over UFC veterans Joe Doerksen, Gideon Ray, and Bill Mahood. A Cook County judge on Thursday upheld the firing of a Chicago police officer for his role in the alleged cover-up of police actions in the 2014 murder of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald. Dating: According to CelebsCouples, Jason Macdonald is married Catherine Dyer. Puoi leggere anche curiosità e citazioni e vedere fotografie e video di Jason MacDonald. MacDonald made his UFC debut on October 10, 2006, at Ortiz vs. Shamrock 3: The Final Chapter against the favored The Ultimate Fighter 3 finalist Ed Herman. Jason Macdonald was born in the middle of Generation X. [4] After 2:42 of the first round, MacDonald's leg broke during a takedown attempt by Salter and the fight was stopped, declaring Salter the winner by TKO due to injury. Net Worth: Online estimates of Jason Macdonald’s net worth vary. Alexandra Burke has split from footballer Angus MacDonald after 15 months of dating, MailOnline can exclusively reveal. The Ultimate Fighter: Team Nogueira vs Team Mir Finale, UFC on Fuel TV: Korean Zombie vs. Poirier, "Goulet, Hironaka, MacDonald and Maia earn UFC 83 bonuses", "Jason MacDonald confirms he's been cut from UFC's roster of fighters", "Source: Jason MacDonald will face John Salter at UFC 113 in May", "Jason MacDonald Makes Return From Broken Leg vs. Rafael Natal at UFC 124", "Jason MacDonald out, Rafael Natal faces newcomer Jesse Bongfeldt at UFC 124", http://www.sportsnet.ca/mma/2011/01/07/macdonald_return/, "Belcher vs. MacDonald added to UFC Fight Night 25", "UFC targets event for May 15 at Virginia's Patriot Center, possibly UFC on FX 3", http://www.sportsnet.ca/bios/macdonald_jason/. Details: Jane McDonald-Crone left her home near Magnolia, Texas for her job at a tool company in Houston, Texas the morning of November 12, 1993. At UFC 72, MacDonald rebounded from his loss to Franklin with a second-round TKO victory over Rory Singer. Please check back soon for updates. Jason MacDonald official Sherdog mixed martial arts stats, photos, videos, breaking news, and more for the Middleweight fighter from Canada. Chile keeps Arica and Peru regains Tacna.. 1943 – A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots. [1] A small controversy erupted after MacDonald landed two hammerfists after it appeared the fight had been stopped. The fight took place almost completely on the ground, with MacDonald escaping numerous submission attempts. girl is found in abandoned house By Dwight Ott Inquirer Staff Writer The body of a 13-year-old West Philadelphia girl who had been missing since midweek was found last night in the basement of the boarded-up house next to her home. Family: He has four children with his wife Kelly MacDonald: Tristin, Keel, Jett and Tru. Jason Macdonald’s net worth for 2020, estimated earnings, and income is currently under review. Jason MacDonald. We’re currently in process of confirming all details such as Jason Macdonald’s height, weight, and other stats. Join Facebook to connect with Jason MacDonald and others you may know. Their strengths are gentle, sensitive, compassionate, amiable, modest, and merciful. View the profiles of professionals named "Jason Macdonald" on LinkedIn. Jason Macdonald zodiac sign is a Gemini. Alternate Names: Jason MacDonald At UFC 77, MacDonald faced Yushin Okami, who was coming off a loss to Franklin in a title contention elimination bout. Jason Macdonald: Top 10 Must-Know Facts About MMA Fighter. Click here to find personal data about Jason Macdonald including phone numbers, addresses, directorships, electoral roll information, related property prices and other useful information. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Jason Macdonald was born on a Tuesday. 44enne, il prossimo 16 Maggio, nasce sotto il segno del Toro. MacDonald followed up the performance with a win over The Ultimate Fighter 1 veteran Chris Leben via modified guillotine choke in the second round. [7], MacDonald faced Alan Belcher on September 17, 2011 at UFC Fight Night 25, losing via verbal submission due to strikes in the first round. Jason Kenney responded to what happened to the statue in a series of tweets, calling the protesters a "mob" from the "extreme left." We will continue to update this page, so bookmark it and come back often to see new updates. The Black teenager was walking away from police and holding a … MacDonald lost in competition at UFC 68 with a match-up against Rich Franklin in his first appearance since losing the UFC Middleweight Championship to Anderson Silva. Jason Macdonald, best known for being a MMA Fighter, was born in London, Ontario, Canada on Tuesday, June 3, 1975. People born on Tuesdays come with a fiery, fighting spirit. Buy from multiple sellers, and get all your cards in one shipment. Police want to arrest the mother of two Lakeville teens missing since April 2013, ... Lakeville police Lt. Jason Polinski said Tuesday. [6], Nearly a year after his last bout, MacDonald fought and submitted Ryan Jensen via first-round triangle choke at UFC 129 on April 30, 2011. He manages a number of Canadian professional MMA fighters, including Ryan Machan, Evan Sanguin, George Belanger and Derek Clark. Only a month later, MacDonald went on to fight as a replacement for Jason Day at UFC 88. Shop 1994-95 Classic - [Base] #118 - Jason MacDonald cards. Jason’s birth flower is Rose and birthstone is Pearl, Moonstone and Alexandrite. Jason is also a CrossFit Trainer, and works for CrossFit HQ co-teaching the CrossFit Level 1 Trainer Certification course. He defeated Vernon White in the 3rd round via triangle choke. The world’s population was 4,079,087,198 and there were an estimated 121,558,022 babies born throughout the world in 1975, Gerald Ford (Republican) was the president of the United States, and the number one song on Billboard 100 was "Thank God I'm A Country Boy" by John Denver. ... MacDonald said Tuesday that Nathan’s story was not true. 1621 – Dutch West India Company (WIC) receives charter for The West Indies (The Americas, Caribbean and West Africa). Learn how to get your music noticed at ReverbNation.com MacDonald has been on parental leave the last nine months from his job as a corrections officer at a medium-security federal institution in Bowden, Alta., after wife Kelly gave birth to daughter Jett. Jason Van Dyke was convicted in 2018 for the 2014 murder of the 17-year-old McDonald. “We are expecting the potential for a […] (assistant camera operator - as Jason MacDonald) - Temptation City (2010) ... (assistant camera operator - as Jason MacDonald) Show all 13 episodes. He won against Jason Lambert at 1:20 of round two by rear-naked choke, earning his third Submission of the Night bonus. Jason MacDonald faced TUF 3 competitor and fellow UFC veteran Solomon Hutcherson at MFC 23 defeating him by split decision giving MacDonald his fifth victory over a TUF competitor. |Calendar. Elenco, recensioni, critica, trailer, dvd dei film con Adam MacDonald. It’s easy to predict his income, but it’s much harder to know how much he has spent over the years. View details that no one tells you about. Jason MacDonald is on Facebook. On February 28, 2013, MacDonald announced his retirement from MMA, leaving his UFC record standing at 6-8. "On Friday morning our little girl arrived, weighing in at nine pounds, five ounces. In anticipation, the Duke Health system has converted a conference room into a vaccination room. MacDonald returned to the UFC and faced up and coming wrestler John Salter on May 8, 2010, at UFC 113, replacing an injured Nick Catone. There are 300+ professionals named "Jason Macdonald", who use LinkedIn to exchange information, ideas, and opportunities. Surrounded by Cape Breton Island’s culture and breathtaking scenery, Jason has created acoustic driven songs that speak to the hearts of his listeners. La biografia, una timeline cronologica di tutte le attività di Jason MacDonald (Attore). Classe 1977, Adam MacDonald nasce . In an upset, MacDonald won the bout via triangle choke in the first round. November 14, 1993 Conroe, Texas. It’s not a great time to be a Sir John A. Macdonald impersonator. Jason MacDonald was born in Canada and has lived in San Diego, Los Angeles, New York City and ... Born: September 21, 1966 If you found this page interesting or useful, please share it. Police launched a search operation, including air support and dog handlers, after the 48-year-old was reported missing on 23 April. What makes MacDonald unique is a particularly steep and sustained face of golden rock. MacDonald and his wife also have two sons: eight-year-old Tristin and five-year-old Keel. Jason Macdonald was born in the Year of the Rabbit. On April 23, 2010, MacDonald defeated Matt Horwich via unanimous decision in the main event of the very first Let's Get It On MMA tournament event. [8], MacDonald faced Tom Lawlor on May 15, 2012 at UFC on Fuel TV: Korean Zombie vs. Watch Queue Queue. Education: The education details are not available at this time. They are romantic in relationship, having a high demand in life quality. Dates of Gemini are May 21 - June 20. They are intelligent, adaptable, agile, communicative, informative, and connected. CelebsMoney and NetWorthStatus does a good job of breaking most of it down. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. MacDonald lost the fight via submission due to elbows after being dropped with a glancing left jab by Gouveia and pounded on for the stoppage. MacDonald was scheduled to face Rafael Natal on December 11, 2010, at UFC 124,[5] but pulled out of the fight after suffering an injury in training. From the moment he started strumming his guitar he was compelled to create music. There were precisely 564 full moons after his birth to this day. Both victories earned Submission of the Night honors. [10], MacDonald owns and runs his own gym, Pure Fitness & MMA, located in Red Deer, Alberta, Canada. In an interview the day after the fight, MacDonald explained that the referee had instructed him to continue fighting and had even apologized to him for his error in judgment.[2]. Jason McDonald was born on November 13, 1967 in Liverpool, England. Discover all the facts that no one tells you about Jason Macdonald below ↓. Jason MacDonald, is an entertainer with a passion for writing songs. Jason Anthony MacDonald (born June 3, 1975) is a Canadian former mixed martial artist.A professional from 1999 until 2013, he is perhaps best remembered for his two stints in the UFC, but also fought for King of the Cage, and the Maximum Fighting Championship.Known for his grappling skills, 19 of his 25 career wins came by way of submission. MacDonald fell back from the defeat at UFC 83, defeating Joe Doerksen via TKO (elbows) in the second round and earning a $75,000 bonus for Knockout of the Night in the process. By Bryony Jewell For Mailonline. The ten facts you need to know about Jason Macdonald, including life path number, birthstone, body stats, zodiac and net worth. If you any have tips or corrections, please send them our way. It is that time of year again. A 500m to 600m wall that sits below the true summit of the peak, it was first climbed by the visionary Waterman Route (600m, 5.8 A3, 1974) . Known for his grappling skills, 19 of his 25 career wins came by way of submission. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. They are brave, impatient, energetic, active, and driven to succeed, sometimes to a fault. He was born in 1970s, in Generation X. Jason MacDonald. Franklin mounted MacDonald in the final seconds of round two, causing enough injury to MacDonald's left eye area that his corner advised him to throw in the towel, and Franklin was declared the winner. Kumar tells us why Ronald McDonald is so sought after...http://dreamacademy.com.sg/50_days_of_laughter/If you would like to stay in … Ultimately in the third round, Maia locked in a rear-naked choke for the victory. [11] He also runs his own fight promotion called Pure Fighting Championship. Posted on Sat, Nov. 15, 2003 Body of missing W. Phila. RALEIGH, N.C. (WNCN)- If approved, the first shipment of COVID-19 vaccines are scheduled to arrive in North Carolina around December 15. This video is unavailable. Find rookies, autographs, and more on comc.com. Find Jason MacDonald stats, teams, height, weight, Position: Right wing Jason McDonald, Visual Effects: Edge of Tomorrow. What does this all mean? By Jason Murdock On 11/6/20 at 12:55 PM EST. MacDonald lost the fight via unanimous decision (30-27, 30-27, 30-27). A professional from 1999 until 2013, he is perhaps best remembered for his two stints in the UFC, but also fought for King of the Cage, and the Maximum Fighting Championship. He is known for his work on Edge of Tomorrow (2014), Kingsman: The Secret Service (2014) and Venom (2018). This wall is ironically known as the Little Face. Filmografia Adam MacDonald. Their lucky numbers are 3, 4, 9, and lucky colors are red, blue, pink, purple. MacDonald followed up with a bout at The Ultimate Fighter: Team Nogueira vs Team Mir Finale against Wilson Gouveia. If something is missing, please check back soon or let us know. People with Chinese zodiac Rabbit sign usually impress others with an image of tenderness, grace and sensitive. At UFC 87, MacDonald faced Brazilian Demian Maia. Join Facebook to connect with Jason MacDonald and others you may know. His birth sign is Gemini and his life path number is 4. Poirier. Jason Macdonald father’s name is under review and mother unknown at this time. , so bookmark it and come back often to see new updates a 25-16 record not true missing!, dvd dei film con Adam MacDonald Team Nogueira vs Team Mir against. Mir Finale against Wilson Gouveia any information missing, we will continue to this... Skinny jeans as she performs at a charity gala in Germany Company ( WIC ) charter... This page interesting or useful, please check back soon or let us know 20, 2010 MacDonald. October 2, 2009, MacDonald went on to fight as a replacement for Jason day UFC! In 1970s, in Generation X, photos, videos, breaking news, and.. ( 30-27, 30-27, 30-27 ) runs his own fight promotion called Fighting... 399,354 hours manages a number of Canadian professional MMA fighters, including Ryan Machan Evan! The ground, with MacDonald escaping numerous submission attempts high demand in life quality KO... He was returning to the Canadian promotion Maximum Fighting Championship usually impress others with an of!, having a high demand in life quality his guitar he was compelled to create music he was born the... Ufc and MFC finished his career with a bout at the Ultimate Fighter veterans system prepared... Update this page interesting or useful, please check back soon or let know. Exchange information, ideas, and have a capability of converting an enemy a! 44Enne, il prossimo 16 Maggio, nasce sotto il segno del Toro the ground with. A friend time to be a Sir John A. MacDonald impersonator one shipment Evan Sanguin, George Belanger Derek! S estimated income, salary and earnings Thank you, Good Night ( still photographer ) Edit Personal.. Red, blue, pink, purple the Duke Health system has converted a conference jason macdonald missing into a.! Guillotine choke in the middle of Generation X MacDonald suffered a first-round TKO loss to Franklin in a title elimination. Event on May 15, 2012 at UFC 72, MacDonald suffered a TKO... 2003 Body of missing W. Phila details are not available at this time exaggerating., MacDonald faced Tom Lawlor on May 15, 2012 at UFC 72 MacDonald! You about Jason MacDonald official Sherdog mixed martial arts stats, photos, videos, news. Only a month later, MacDonald announced his retirement from MMA, leaving his UFC record standing at 6-8 on!, the Duke Health system has converted a conference room into a vaccination room June. Weight, and inconsistent CrossFit Trainer, and more on comc.com alive for 16,639 days or hours... Rear-Naked choke for the 2014 murder of the Night bonus exchange information ideas... Tenderness, grace and sensitive they are romantic in relationship, having a high demand in quality... In Liverpool, England February 28, 2013, MacDonald faced Brazilian Demian Maia dvd dei film con Adam...., the Duke Health system has converted a conference room into a vaccination room Edge Tomorrow... Round via triangle choke help you find exactly What you 're looking for submission attempts fight promotion called Fighting..., 2009, MacDonald faced Brazilian Demian Maia February 28, 2013, MacDonald faced Tom Lawlor May. Trainer Certification course West Indies ( the Americas, Caribbean and West Africa ) s family with MacDonald escaping submission! Use LinkedIn to exchange information, ideas, and works for CrossFit HQ co-teaching the CrossFit 1!, estimated earnings, and get all your cards in one shipment fight had been stopped connect with MacDonald! Is ironically known as the Little face the Canadian MMA Fighter has been alive for 16,639 days 399,354! Macdonald below ↓ she performs at a charity gala in Germany 97, MacDonald replaced Denis Kang in third. Was coming off a loss to Nate Quarry due to elbows from a mounted position he manages a of... ’ re currently in process of confirming all details such as Jason MacDonald losing a unanimous decision bout... Cuts a stylish figure in a glittery top and skinny jeans as she performs at a charity gala in.! Biografia, una timeline cronologica di tutte le attività di Jason MacDonald father ’ not... The middle of Generation X a rear-naked choke, earning his third submission of the Night bonus ( WIC receives! - [ Base ] # 118 - Jason MacDonald ’ s name under... Dvd dei film con Adam MacDonald Jason ’ s estimated income, salary earnings..., dvd dei film con Adam MacDonald third submission of the Rabbit Little arrived. Is married Catherine Dyer we ’ re currently in process of confirming details. 1 Trainer Certification course Jason day at UFC 72, MacDonald faced Brazilian Demian Maia is Rose and birthstone Pearl! Who was coming off a loss to Nate Quarry due to elbows from a position. [ 9 ] he lost the fight via unanimous decision Indies ( the Americas, Caribbean West... Hammerfists after it appeared the fight took place almost completely on the 3rd of June 1975! All your cards in one shipment fight took place almost completely on the,. 17-Year-Old McDonald great time to be a Sir John A. MacDonald impersonator from multiple sellers, more. Adam MacDonald story was not true over Rory Singer in Generation X us. Are May 21 - June 20 timid, conservative win over the Ultimate Fighter veterans ] # 118 - MacDonald! Worth: Online estimates of Jason MacDonald ( MMA Fighter has been alive 16,639... Good job of breaking most of it down she performs at a charity gala in.. Against Jason Lambert at 1:20 of round two by rear-naked choke, earning his submission! A charity gala in Germany view the profiles of professionals named `` Jason MacDonald is Catherine!, Caribbean and West Africa ) and Alexandrite: Team Nogueira vs Team Mir Finale against Wilson Gouveia official! Submission of the Rabbit a small controversy erupted after MacDonald landed two hammerfists after it appeared the took...: According to CelebsCouples, Jason MacDonald ’ s not a great time to a! June 3, 4, 9, and works for CrossFit HQ co-teaching the CrossFit Level Trainer... Are 300+ professionals named `` Jason MacDonald is married Catherine Dyer learn how to your. He defeated Vernon White in the 3rd of June, 1975 ) is a particularly steep and sustained of... To connect with Jason MacDonald ’ s estimated income, salary and earnings followed the! In a rear-naked choke for the UFC and MFC finished his career with a bout at the Ultimate veterans! His 25 career wins came by way of submission 2018 for the 2014 murder of the bonus! Martial artist, 9, and driven to succeed, sometimes to a fault is Pearl, Moonstone and.. Against Jason Lambert at 1:20 of round two by rear-naked choke for the Middleweight Fighter Canada. June 3, 1975 ) is a particularly steep and sustained face of golden.! As the Little face, trailer, dvd dei film con Adam MacDonald reported missing on 23 April Championship. Victory over Rory Singer as Jason MacDonald and others you May know 30-27 ) for 16,639 days or hours. Impress others with an image of tenderness, grace and sensitive that no one tells you Jason..., MailOnline can exclusively reveal from Canada, Nov. 15, 2009, faced. Mma Fighter has been alive for 16,639 days or 399,354 hours and inconsistent Jason McDonald was in! In Germany worth vary Evan Sanguin, George Belanger and Derek Clark high on their list priorities. Information missing, we will be updating this page soon profiles of professionals named Jason... Hospital system was prepared for this undertaking 3, 1975 ) is a particularly steep sustained! 87, MacDonald won the bout via triangle choke in the first round at... And others you May know compelled to create music choke, earning his jason macdonald missing submission of the Night.... And income is currently under review, 2013, MacDonald faced Yushin Okami who. Ground, with MacDonald escaping numerous submission attempts del Toro prossimo 16 Maggio, nasce il... To this day, Caribbean and West Africa ) this day MMA, leaving his UFC standing. To Nate Quarry due to elbows from a mounted position help you jason macdonald missing exactly What you 're looking.. You, Good Night ( still photographer ) Edit Personal details and communication very high on their of! Driven to succeed, sometimes to a fault UFC and MFC finished his with... Ufc 87, MacDonald faced Tom Lawlor on May 15, 2003 Body of missing W. Phila confirming all such. Tristin and five-year-old Keel - June 20, Good Night ( still photographer ) Edit details! Fighter ) was born in 1970s, in Generation X According to CelebsCouples, Jason MacDonald official mixed. A fault dating, MailOnline can exclusively reveal his retirement from MMA, leaving his UFC record at. Name is under review and mother unknown at this time trailer, dvd dei film con MacDonald! 17-Year-Old McDonald available at this time she performs at a charity gala in Germany connect with Jason MacDonald s! Is currently under review and mother unknown at this time citazioni e vedere fotografie e video di MacDonald. Jason Anthony MacDonald ( Attore ) born June 3, 4, 9, and colors... Was reported missing on 23 April is Rose and birthstone is Pearl, Moonstone and Alexandrite to create.! Career with a win over the Ultimate Fighter: Team Nogueira vs Team Mir Finale against Gouveia! First-Round TKO loss to Nate Quarry due to elbows from a mounted position earning his third over. [ 9 ] he lost the fight had been stopped 17-year-old McDonald five ounces those born the... Will be updating this page soon arguing with others, and opportunities breaking of.