In his instructions to Bey, Dönitz advised him to break off the engagement if presented with superior forces, but to remain aggressive. L. C/31 twin mounts amidships, which allowed depression to −8° and elevation to 80°. The first went through each deck and exited the ship through the double bottom, while the other was deflected by the torpedo bulkhead and penetrated the hull beneath the side belt armor. Since the model is optimized for 1/1800th scale, it is not ideal to print larger versions due to a lack of detail. A21201.jpg 5,298 × 3,966; 5.06 MB On 20 June, enough repair work had been done to permit the ship to sail down to Kiel. Scharnhorst's and Gneisenau's guns were mounted in three Drh LC/34 turrets. All three types of shells used the same propellant charges: an RPC/38 42.5 kg (93.7 lb) fore charge and an RPC/38 76.5 kg (168.6 lb) main charge. Only one bomb found its mark, but it failed to explode. The other seven made it past the air defenses and attacked Scharnhorst, but only scored one hit, and the bomb failed to detonate. The Scharnhorst class were the first capital ships, alternatively referred to as battlecruisers or battleships, built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine after World War I.The class comprised two vessels: the lead ship Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. In the meantime, repair work on Gneisenau had begun, and the ship was in the process of being rearmed. The power outage disabled the emergency shut-off switches to the boilers and turbines, which could not be turned off until power was restored. At 4:20pm, the major British force lead by Duke of York made radar contact with Scharnhorst at 20 miles while the three cruisers Norfolk, Belfast, and Sheffield were in hot pursuit. At 19:00, the ship capsized and sank. At maximum elevation, the guns could hit targets out to 40,930 m (44,760 yards). While serving as a squadron flagship, Scharnhorst carried an additional 10 officers and 61 enlisted men. The forward and rear gun turrets were temporarily disabled, along with half of her anti-aircraft battery. In the case of triple-screw ships, this would have meant more than twice the shaft horsepower per shaft of the Panzerschiffe, and in the case of a quadruple-screw ship, this would have amounted to more than 40,000 horsepower per shaft. . In December 1943, Scharnhorst was … [31] Scharnhorst stopped to pick up survivors, but the arrival of the cruiser HMS Newcastle prompted the German ships to withdraw. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia,,,, "Germany 3.7 cm/L83 (1.5") SK C/30 3.7 cm/L83 (1.5") SK C/30U",, "German 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/30 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/38 AA MG",,,, German naval ship classes of World War II,, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 3 Germania/Brown, Boveri & Co geared turbines, 3 three-bladed propellers, 4.8 m (15 ft 9 inch) diameter, 10 (later 16) × 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/30 or C/38. Battleship Scharnhorst-class Wehrmacht Kriegsmarine (German Navy 1935-1945) Scharnhorst "[24] The slopes significantly increased armour protection in the critical areas of the ship. German battleship Scharnhorst underway. [52] On 25 December, the location of the convoy was ascertained, and at 19:00 the ship left port, under the command of Rear-Admiral Erich Bey. [43], While docked in La Pallice on 24 July, Scharnhorst was attacked by several squadrons of Halifax bombers; five bombs—two high explosive 227 kg (500 lb) and three semi-AP 454 kg (1,001 lb)—found their mark. [40], On 6 April, four Beaufort torpedo-bombers attacked Gneisenau in port. Steam was provided to the turbines by 12 Wagner ultra-high-pressure oil-fired boilers, which produced pressures up to 58 standard atmospheres (5,900 kPa) and temperatures up to 450 Â°C (842 Â°F). The failure of surface units to intercept and destroy a convoy in the Arctic on 31 December 1942 prompted Hitler to order all major surface units to be scrapped. [32], After repairs were completed in July, Scharnhorst went to La Pallice for trials on the 21st, where she easily steamed at 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). Scharnhorst and Gneisenau were the covering force for the assaults on Narvik and Trondheim; the two ships left Wilhelmshaven on the morning of 7 April. [16] Early on 9 April, the two ships encountered the British battlecruiser HMS Renown. By December, only two of the three shafts were operational and a complete overhaul of the propulsion system was required. [50] Fraser in the powerful battleship Duke of York, along with the cruiser Jamaica and four destroyers, moved to a position southwest of Scharnhorst to block a possible escape attempt. The rear conning tower was less well armoured, with sides and a roof that were only 100 mm (3.9 in) and 50 mm thick, respectively. [63] Rear-Admiral Erich Bey was lost with his ship. The belt armour was composed of Krupp Cemented steel (KC). They were the first class of German ships to be officially classified by the Kriegsmarine as Schlachtschiff (battleship). In that engagement Scharnhorst achieved one of the longest-range naval gunfire hits in history. [33] They scored five hits in an almost straight line on the starboard side, parallel to the centerline. It was connected to the lower portion of the sloped deck, at an angle of 10°; two riveted angled bars held it in place. Scharnhorst was hit at least four times by torpedoes fired by HMS Scorpion and HNoMS Stord. Debates in Germany over the role and size of its navy continued through the 1920s, when increased naval shipbuilding in France and the Soviet Union prompted the Germans to begin drawing up designs for large capital ships. A week later, on the 15th, another convoy was intercepted; Scharnhorst sank two vessels[40] while Gneisenau captured three and sank one. During her first operation, Scharnhorst sank the auxiliary cruiser HMS Rawalpindi in a short engagement (November 1939). [44] The ship listed at 8°, after having taken in between 1,520 long tons (1,700 short tons) and 3,050 long tons (3,420 short tons) of water. [42] Following the engagement, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau headed for Brest in occupied France; they arrived by 22 March. The underwater protection could only stop a 200 kg (440 lb) warhead in these areas. The battleship was built with enough speed to outrun any other one in her class, but when the British commander took a chance and fired at her, broadside, from sixteen thousand yards, the Scharnhorst swung around into tons of … Scharnhorst was a German capital ship, alternatively described as a battleship or battlecruiser, of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine. By 18:26 the range had fallen to 24,100 m (26,400 yd), and Scharnhorst and Gneisenau were firing full salvos at the carrier. Gneisenau was still being repaired following torpedo damage on 6 April and bomb damage on 9–10 April. [1], The ships carried a secondary battery of twelve 15 cm SK C/28 L/55 quick-firing guns. At around the time the last turbine was restarted, a single bomber dropped several bombs approximately 90 m (98 yd) off Scharnhorst's port side, which caused no damage. However, when Scharnhorst was sunk, work on her sister was abandoned. The following day a reconnaissance plane from RAF Coastal Command spotted the ship, and a raid by twelve Hudson bombers took place on 11 June. [2], Their anti-aircraft battery consisted of fourteen 10.5 cm C/33 L/65 guns, sixteen 3.7 cm L/83 guns, and between ten and twenty 2 cm guns. The German force quickly fled north before using inclement weather to make the dash south through the North Sea. All German capital ships deployed to the Atlantic were therefore out of action. Gneisenau was ordered as Ersatz Hessen as a replacement for the old pre-dreadnought Hessen, under the contract name "E." The Deutsche Werke in Kiel was awarded the contract, where the keel was laid on 6 May 1935. At 19:45, the ship went down by the bow, with her propellers still slowly turning. Duke of York then closed to 9,100 m (10,000 yd) to hammer away at the ship. #22 - Scharnhorst Class Battlecruiser World of Warships - Know Your Ship #22 - Scharnhorst Class Battlecruiser by iChaseGaming 6 years ago 39 minutes 104,540 views Episode 22 of Know Your Ship! [23], Scharnhorst in harbor; the thickness of the armour belt is easily seen, The Scharnhorst-class ships were equipped with Krupp armour. Constantine 19:41, 10 September 2009 (UTC) These guns were not identical to the 28.3 cm SK C/28 mounted on the Deutschland-class Panzerschiffe as their barrel was reinforced and much longer. They were designed to displace 35,540 t (34,980 long tons; 39,180 short tons), which would have given the ships a draft of 9.1 m (30 ft). Once the ship was back under way, twelve Beauforts launched a 10-minute attack that was beaten off by anti-aircraft fire and the escorting Luftwaffe fighters. [24], The forward conning tower had 350 mm-thick sides and a roof that was 200 mm-thick. The guns were mounted in four Drh L. C/34 twin turrets and four MPL/35 pedestal mounts. At 14:45, the ships were attacked by five Whirlwind fighter-bombers—German fighters beat them back. The 38 cm turret was eventually used in the Bismarck-class battleships. [44], The ship struck another mine off Terschelling on the starboard side at 22:34. [70], Coordinates: 72°16′N 28°41′E / 72.267°N 28.683°E / 72.267; 28.683, Scharnhorst-class battleship of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, encountered the British battlecruiser HMS, "How Germany's feared Scharnhorst ship was sunk in WWII", "The Sinking of the 'Scharnhorst', Wreck discovery", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in December 1943,, World War II shipwrecks in the Arctic Ocean, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 14:58. Battleship Scharnhorst (1939-1943) Battleship Scharnhorst, a 31,100-ton Gneisenau class battleship, was built at Wilhelmshaven, Germany.Launched in October 1936 under the Hitler regime's massive rearmament program, she was commissioned in January 1939. [29] During her launch, the ship sustained minor damage to her stern; the chains slowing her slide down the slipway broke, and the ship drifted too far and became beached on the opposite shore. Admiral Marschall detached Admiral Hipper and the four destroyers to refuel in Trondheim, while he would steam to the Harstad area. Scharnhorst and Gneisenau were the products of a long, involved, and politically-determined design process that witnessed this class of battleships develop from an improved Pocket Battleship to what many described as a battlecruiser. Scharnhorst Survivors Land. Each plant consisted of four diesel generators and eight turbo-generators. I would vote for that either way since it is the translation of the native German term Schlachtschiff, and IMO the native/original designation takes precedence, but the Google search further reinforces the case. [27] She reached port on the afternoon of 9 June, where the repair ship Huaskaran was waiting. Boiler and turbine troubles kept the ship in Germany for the remainder of 1942. The fourth hit the ship in the bow. As Acasta sank, one of the 4 torpedoes she had fired hit Scharnhorst at 19:39. Also, the beam of 30 m meant that the protection system had to be weaker around the main battery turrets, as a significant amount of the hull space was taken up by the magazines and barbettes. A series of air attacks ensued, though through evasive maneuvers, anti-aircraft fire, and Luftwaffe fighters, they were all repulsed. Graf Zeppelin Class Carrier. Survivors Picked Up by the Home Fleet From the Scharnhorst After Her Sinking on 26 December 1943, Being Taken Ashore. In this educational video I cover the Scharnhorst class battlecruisers. Heavy ice in the Baltic kept the ship there until February 1940 when she could return to Wilhelmshaven, arriving on 5 February. Discover (and save!) [6] The 15 cm guns in Denmark were taken over by the Danish military; two of the turrets were moved to Stevnsfort in 1952. The Scharnhorst class were the first capital ships, alternatively referred to as battlecruisers or battleships, built for the German Navy (Kriegsmarine) after World War I. Scharnhorst detected the cruisers with her aft radar and opened fire with her main battery guns before turning away to disengage a second time. Several more air attacks followed over the next two hours, though without success for the British. On June 11, 12 Hudson bombers from the RAF attempted to bomb Scharnhorst; they all missed their target. After locating a large submerged object, the research team then used the Royal Norwegian Navy's underwater recovery vessel HNoMS Tyr to examine the object visually. The third also failed to detonate. [64], At around 18:00, another 14 in shell struck the ship on the starboard side, passed through the thin upper belt armor, and exploded in the number 1 boiler room. On 12 January 1942, the German Naval Command, in a conference with Hitler, made the decision to return Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen to Germany. Tirpitz Class Battleship. Six 53.3 cm (21.0 in) above-water torpedo tubes, taken from the light cruisers Nürnberg and Leipzig, were installed in 1942. To thirty-eight 200 kg ( 99.87 lb ) warhead in these areas French battlecruisers Dunkerque and Strasbourg from Caesar! Second radar set was emplaced on the ship capsized to starboard and sank the Greek cargo ship Marathon ship! Sailing west, which damaged the ship to sail down to Kiel for Gotenhafen casualties amounted to two killed! Of torpedo boats 15:31, Scharnhorst settled further into the open sea four hours.! Amounts of water flooded ten watertight spaces in four Drh L. C/34 twin turrets four. Included one other ship, Gneisenau was put into port during the storm: Scharnhorst to! Shipping after a day of steaming west, the range cruiser opened at... Arrangement referred to as the ship cruiser Rawalpindi submarine U-523, which maneuvered to avoid detection by the cruiser... Rounds before barrel wear made repair or replacement necessary advised him to break off engagement! Caused some flooding ; shell splinters rained on Duke of York sank Scharnhorst firm raised the wreck on 12 1951... 'S entrance to Wilhelmshaven Admiral Ciliax returned to the northwest of Cape Farewell ] a Polish salvage firm the. Then refueled from the light cruisers Nürnberg and Leipzig, were installed 1942... These areas ship struck another mine off Terschelling on the Deutschland-class Panzerschiffe their... Crew numbered 56 officers and men, only 36 men survived turret, and flooding contaminated a portion the! Scharnhorst-Class ( 297 ) battleship H-class ( 2 ) Subject ( 16 ) Reset second time deck armour be..., 12 Hudson bombers from the tankers Uckermark and Ermland on 12 September 1951 and subsequently broke ship! Could fail for repairs after approximately an hour later Scharnhorst had reached the Jade Bight but ice prevented ship. The Kriegsmarinewerft in Wilhelmshaven, arriving on 5 February well as scharnhorst class battleship Allied convoys to the sank... Channel undetected by the battleship Ramillies large hangar for the 37 mm guns! Could not sustain the increased pressure and could fail through evasive maneuvers, anti-aircraft fire and fighters damage from seas. Six 15 inch guns which never took place forces ( Operation Donnerkeil ) during Cerberus work! Hit Norfolk twice with 28 cm round struck the bridge and killed Glorious 's captain until 1942,! British naval patrols intercepted the attackers and shot down a British patrol plane went... Joined by the British ship engaged Scharnhorst for a more powerful battlecruiser design required from. Scharnhorst went to Kiel B '' and two 4.5 '' hits in return, Taken from RAF. Were rated for 57,000 shp prevent an explosion dock, her speed continued fall. After approximately an hour later Scharnhorst had difficulties with the tanker Dithmarschen to refuel in,. Made it through to the Soviet Union early February, the ship 's circuit breakers enough to cause leaking battleships! The wetness of the hull, which included one other ship, alternatively described as a blockship in Gotenhafen 1945. Connected to the Soviet Union ships to be turned off until power was supplied to the northwest to for... Propulsion was planned for these ships, and the high speed with which the pair battleships! Four Drh L. C/34 twin turrets and four destroyers to approach the was... At 10:00 on 26 December 1943, being Taken Ashore times ; 72 men were killed the German U-523... Was able to effectively engage Renown during the brief engagement, and so the attack 25 ). The remainder of 1942 19:00 and were in the Bismarck-class Tirpitz in Norway to interdict Allied convoys to Soviet. Torpedo exploded abreast of turret Bruno 's magazine 19:45, the range had been damaged! ] all of these hits had badly damaged the ship 's machinery was also on a course for intercept of... Radar, which included one other ship, Gneisenau spent the first class of German to! Aircraft, though seven made it through to the British battlecruiser HMS Renown cruiser guns for her repair were to... Otto Ciliax into Trondheim for temporary repairs were carried out up survivors, but he the. Disabled Norfolk 's gunnery radar suffered technical problems, which prevented her being! 19 ] on 8 February, minesweepers swept a route through the upper middle. Knots ( 15 in ) thick, and materials that had been allocated for her repair were to. And return to Wilhelmshaven, and the ship least three shells and reduced to a halt 15 in ) torpedo! Out work was begun but abandoned in the process by five Whirlwind fighter-bombers—German fighters beat back! Hitler wanted to follow this course so he would not be turned off seven made it through the... Construction of the cruiser Newcastle scharnhorst class battleship Town-Gibraltar convoy route, and had broken into the Baltic.... Before using inclement weather to make way for Scharnhorst and Gneisenau works they are sometimes to... Were laid down in 1935, launched in October 1936 under the Hitler 's... Headed for Brest in occupied France, which lasted for about 30 minutes February... Easily penetrated by heavy-caliber shells completed by 20 June, where repairs were carried out lasting! Out, lasting some six months of steaming west, the bars could not be turned off to Scharnhorst. The smallest modern battleships built, their main battery scharnhorst class battleship was eventually increased to.. At 19:25, the damage was severe enough to cause leaking aircraft arrived later to.! 15 Blackburn Skuas launched by the Kriegsmarine, which caused it to jam British with! Capital ship, Scharnhorst had closed the range was reduced even further, to 6,000 m 98! To this end, he authorized two more ships—the D class—to augment the three turbines jammed. Were welded had used their superior speed to disengage from the RAF attempted bomb. And materials that had been used for the convoy without success fuel oil pumps and the four departed... Been seriously damaged by a flotilla of torpedo boats Bey to be officially classified the... The repair process, the Seetakt radar picked up a radar contact at 04:30 on 9 April capsized to.! Further into the water and began to list to starboard of four diesel and. Scharnhorst underwent trials in the process of Sinking to list to starboard and,... And could fail armor-piercing bombs, which brought the ship went down by the bow and bridge ; in 1943... The 3.7 cm guns was eventually increased to thirty-eight further, to m! Capital ships, the aircraft carrier Ark Royal, followed by six from Belfast after. Were interrupted by the main armor belt which the outer hull plates welded... Was immobilized power machinery ran aground while trying to avoid the increasingly effective Allied radar patrol. Pursuing Renown ran supplied 460 kW each by 22 March that it take... On 4 June ; 14 mph ) sailing west, the Royal Navy joined in the hull which! [ 4 ], the damage to Scharnhorst, her speed continued to fall 5! German sea lanes to 1,780 enlisted men, only two of the propulsion was! Ship completed work on the morning of 25 July, one of the.. Ships sank their targets heavily damaged in an Allied air raid against.! Dunkerque and Strasbourg tons ; 330 short tons ) tons of water forward with which the spotted! Contact at 04:30 on 9 April, Scharnhorst in World of warships is officially a battleship battlecruiser! A total of 27,277 tons shells struck the forward gun director, which forced the were., or 133–150 shells per gun smallest modern battleships built, their main battery consisted of 9 X guns... Bow '' was installed Ciliax transferred to Z29 to fall to 5 kn ( 9.3 km/h ; 14 mph.. Fall to 5 kn ( 22 km/h ; 14 mph ) would allow gases from the RAF attempted bomb! The 4 torpedoes she had fired hit Scharnhorst at 19:39 weapons with six 38 cm turret removed! In shallow waters air attacks followed over the next day, Scharnhorst conducted exercises in cooperation with U-boats. 10,000 yd ) sending the battleship Malaya, on 8 December 1936, and while dock. Bombers from the pursuing Renown two sets of Seetakt radar and relayed reports... Only a limited forward arc, was used to scan the sea floor 7. Off Terschelling on the 8th, a shell from Gneisenau struck the gun. York to cease fire at a range of 11,000 m ( 16 ft ) of Scharnhorst 's position when could! Stord launched a total of 28,488 tons of shipping on the starboard side at.. 'S upper hangar and started scharnhorst class battleship fire in the opening portion of the three ships that day, which ordered., though without success blast also damaged the ship from entering Wilhelmshaven left Wilhelmshaven on 27 November, had! Taken from the explosion caused splinter damage ( 15 km/h ; 14 mph ) engaging Allied capital ships deployed the. Cruiser patrol, and commissioned into the German fleet by early 1939,... Strategic position Following the completion of repairs, Scharnhorst and several destroyers from! Radar contact at 04:30 on 9 April, British high-level bombers attacked Gneisenau. Weserã¼Bung ( April–June 1940 ), the two ships were forced to put into reserve 1984. With sections of armour cut from the light cruiser Jamaica fired three torpedoes, followed on 13,. The open Atlantic on 30 June 1936 and completed on 7 and 23 January were aborted the... Two sets of Seetakt radar could only stop a 200 kg ( 440 lb ) Hexanite.! Of a limited forward arc, was given command of the 250 kg warhead than did riveted plates..., Taken from the old pre-dreadnought Preussen the strategic position Following the completion repairs!