which plate subducted under the indo-australian plate? Original digital file. The couple got married later in the day, but outdoors. “Napier was a small city of 30,000, so the earthquake was devastating.” He puts this impressive feat down to the vision of the commissioners, and the follow-through of the architects. By Wednesday morning, the main fires were out, but the ruins still smouldered for several days. Te Ara: The Encycloped… On 13 February, Hawke's Bay was struck by a 7.3 Ms  aftershock. Website by Mogul | Roads and infrastructure had to be repaired. The newspaper office was destroyed by the quake. The Napier earthquake was caused by movement along a fault buried deep beneath the Hawke’s Bay region. The crew from two cargo ships, the Northumberland and Taranaki, also joined the rescue works, while two cruisers, HMS Diomede and HMS Dunedin, were dispatched from Auckland that afternoon with food, tents, medicine, blankets, and a team of doctors and nurses. The sailors joined survivors to fight the fires, rescue trapped people and help give them medical treatment. Within four days of the quake, cinemas around New Zealand offered news specials about the disaster. Outside you will walk about 2km stopping frequently to hear about certain buildings that rose from the ashes of the fires after the earthquake and how the Art Deco has survived and thrived over the years. Share this item Post to Pinterest Post to Facebook Post to Twitter. İş Elbiseleri Kumaşları, Gabardin Kumaş, Alpaka Kumaş, Denim Kumaş The Napier Daily Telegraph had recently celebrated its diamond jubilee with an article describing Napier as "the Nice of the Pacific". The earthquake at Napier, also known as the Hawke's Bay Earthquake, took place on 03 February 1931 at about 10.45 am. [9] Login. Commercial licensing. That earthquake caused portions of the shoreline near Cape Mendocino to rise as much as 3 feet. What was the magnitude on the ritcher scale? Post: Hawke’s Bay Knowledge Bank These cover not just the earthquake but the fires which came shortly afterwards, the aftershocks, the notable buildings destroyed, the lives lost, the rescue work and the rebuilding effortinvolved. The most noticeable land change was the uplifting of the Ahuriri Lagoon. [9] He added "Some inland parts of Hawke’s Bay felt this aftershock more strongly than 3 February quake. 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Port Ahuriri, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Napier Post Office, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Wairoa Post Office, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Collapsed Building (unidentified), 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Town Hall, Napier, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Baker and Pastrycook shop, Waipawa, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Dr Moore's Private Hospital, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Port Ahuriri - HMS Veronica at Wharf, The exact number of deaths varies according to different sources; the. The earthquake lifted up the Napier foreshore. The HMS Veronicahad just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit. Almost 90 years on - the anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories. Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and had a magnitude of 7.8 Ms Here are some links you may find useful: The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). PO Box 2025, The Veronica's radio was used to transmit news of the disaster to the outside world and to seek assistance. These two neighbouring cities are often called "The Bay Cities" or "The Twin Cities" of New Zealand. At least 256 people died in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake – 161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, and 2 in Wairoa. Many thousands more required medical treatment. Using this … People from Napier to Dannevirke ran for their lives as previously damaged buildings cracked and fell". Relevance. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. [7] The most noticeable land change was the uplifting of some 40 km2 of sea-bed to become dry land. [14] Many buildings built during the 1930s and 1940s are heavily reinforced, although more recent research has developed other strengthening techniques. under water were the earthquake starts is called a hypocenter. (7.7 Mw). Another casualty of the earthquake was the Napier trams. Gasworks in the distance The grand total was 256 whilst the surrounding area looked like it had undergone attack by a military force. Licence. Jean was happy when the old-time dances were back up and running – it was there that she’d first met a boy called Rodney, who was to become her husband a few years after the earthquake. The cruisers sailed at high speed overnight, arrived on 4 February and provided valuable assistance in all areas until their departure on 11 February. Download 3.06 MB. Never-before seen footage of the 1931 Napier earthquake has been restored after nearly 90 years sitting in rusty tin cans. In Taupo, goods were thrown from shop shelves, but 'there was no damage of any moment'. 1931 Earthquake At 10:47am on 3 February 1931, the hands of the clock on the band rotunda in Napier stopped turning. Possibly taken from May Avenue area On February 3, 1931, an earthquake centred near coastal Aropaoanui, 12km north of Napier, turned Hawkes Bay into a virtual war zone. Napier's 1931 earthquake caused widespread devastation and left thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was safe to return. [11][12] When the commissioners were due to leave in May 1933, they were petitioned to stay, and Barton was invited to stand for the mayoralty, which he declined.[13]. ESTABLISHED 1905. Author Matthew Wright reported that "the power failed three seconds before the earthquake was felt in Napier. Some 40 km² of sea-bed became dry land, where the airport, housing and industrial property developments now exist. Comparison of the pre- and post-earthquake photos shows how much the coastline changed. The tracks were twisted by the earthquake, and were never restored.[8]. See more ideas about earthquake, napier, hawke's bay. Reply Delete. At 10.47am on 3 February 1931, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Hawke’s Bay for almost three minutes. It would take years. The next day the Hawke's Bay earthquake struck, causing serious damage to the entire Mission. Answer Save. People rushed into the streets in Dannevirke and Masterton. In Hastings, the fires were quickly brought under control. View of old Napier, prior to 1931 earthquake what did not happen in the napier earthquake? Nearly all buildings in the central areas of Napier and Hastings were levelled (The Dominion noted that "Napier as a town has been wiped off the map")[7] and the death toll included 161 people in Napier, 93 in Hastings, and two in Wairoa. But Messrs Adams, Barnett and Hayes commenting on the rapid decline in the frequency of aftershocks in the Journal of Science & Technology stated, "The fresh outbreak on the 13th February, due to the severe shock on that date, may almost be regarded as a separate disturbance, although it probably arose from conditions produced by the original shock on the 3rd". Below is a list of all recorded aftershocks following the main event. Hastings 4153, © 2018 - 2021 Hawke's Bay Digital Archives Trust | 5 km depth and ca. The shock brought down … Methodist Free Church (1960s Congregational) foreground and to the left the Carlyle Street School. It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster. Some withstood the earthquake only to be gutted by fire. how many people were killed? Cornelius. The Ahuriri Lagoon in Napier was raised drastically in the earthquake, changing the coastline significantly and leaving hundreds of fish and horse mussels exposed on dry land. Dec 18, 2013 - Photographs from the MTG Hawke's Bay collection which illustrates Napier and Hastings' redevelopment from the great 1931 Earthquake. Today, this area is the location of Hawkes Bay Airport, housing and industrial developments and farmland. In Taupo, … A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. In all, 597 earthquakes were recorded at Hastings during February 1931, and more than 900 by the end of December 1931. [5], The earthquake is thought to have occurred on one of the larger thrust faults within the accretionary wedge, at between ca. groveriw907-oldnapier-288.jpg. 1 Answer. Stortford Lodge, These sites show how the landscape of the region has been forever altered. This quizis helpful if you are studing NCEA level geography Take this quiz! At the time, this second event was New Zealand's fourth strongest recorded earthquake. It quoted the 1931 principal of Napier Girls' High School as saying "Napier today is a far lovelier city than it was before". Nana’s memory of what happened on 3 February, 1931, never faded. New Zealand's first commercial air disaster occurred six days after the quake, when a Dominion Airlines Desoutter monoplane crashed near Wairoa. Munroe Street with row of trees EXPRESSI[…], HAWKE’S BAY STEAM LAUNDRY LTD [LIMITED] The fire brigade almost had the first fire under control when the second broke out in a shop at the back of the Masonic Hotel. The hotel was quickly engulfed in flames. When did the napier earthquake occur? In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. Email: admin@knowledgebank.org.nz Find the perfect napier new zealand earthquake stock photo. 20–25 km depth (which is the approximate depth of subducted Pacific plate at that location).[6]. Napier is a New Zealand city with a seaport, located in Hawke's Bay on the eastern coast of the North Island. [4], New Zealand lies along the boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific Plates. The small airline had been making three return trips a day between Hastings and Gisborne, carrying passengers and supplies. Marine Parade Napier before Earthquake, and after in 1937. All three on board were killed. Before the ships finally left Napier the Governor-General, Lord Bledisloe, and Lady Bledisloe went aboard them and personally thanked the officers and men for the splendid work that they had done. The remaining prisoners dug them out, but two had been killed. Napier after the earthquake 1931. [9][10], The government quickly realised that the Napier borough council would be overwhelmed with organising the rebuild and appointed two commissioners for this task, John Barton and Lachlan Bain Campbell. Alan G. Hull (1990) Tectonics of the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 33:2, 309–320, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "Focal mechanisms of large earthquakes in the North Island of New Zealand: slip partitioning at an oblique active margin", "Tsunami – Hawke's Bay Emergency Management Group", "Bay quake highlights NZ's vulnerability", "Hawke's Bay Earthquakes 1931 « Wild Land", "Historic earthquakes – Rebuilding Napier", Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act 2010, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1931_Hawke%27s_Bay_earthquake&oldid=1001050295, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles needing additional references from February 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 00:57. The main shock could be felt in much of New Zealand, with reliable reports coming in from as far south as Timaru, on the east coast of the South Island. Local historian Michael Fowler points out that although the city is renown as an art deco mecca, the rebuild actually involved three styles: art deco, … This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. The Hawke's Bay Herald offices in Hastings were also destroyed. On Tuesday morning, 3 February 1931, at 10.47 a.m., the ground in the Hawke’s Bay… There was no warning before the ground started to heave and roll in waves. You start off first with a 20-minute film on what Napier was like before, during and after the earthquake that devastated the city. On 13 February, Hawke's Bay was struck by a 7.3 Ms  aftershock. In Napier 161 people died, in Hastings the toll was 93, while in Wairoa two people met their deaths. But unlike that city, Napier bounced back within two years of their disaster and was quickly rebuilt in the Art Deco-style popular at the time. At the time, this second event was New Zealand's fourth strongest recorded earthquake. Aftershocks continued for several years, with the last major jolt shaking the Bay in April 1934. People from Napier to Dannevirkeran for their lives as previously damaged buildings cracked and fell". & [AND] FORWAR[…] The earthquake of 13 February 1931 is widely regarded as an aftershock of the larger event ten days earlier. We sincerely thank the following businesses and organisations for their support. On this calm Tuesday morning in Hawke's Bay, the region was rocked by a devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake that violently shook for three minutes. The local landscape changed dramatically, with the coastal areas around Napier being lifted by around two metres. Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explo… This earthquake still stands as New Zealand’s worst (in the number of people killed, not the magnitude) followed closely by Christchurch 2011, which killed 185 but injured several thousand. Pumping water from Clive Square, they were able to stop the fires spreading south. An earthquake is caused by 2 tectonic plates rubbing against each another one is going up and the other one is going down in Napier's case it was Australian and Pacific plates that run right though New Zealand.As the plates rub it makes fiction. On the tenth anniversary of the earthquake, the New Zealand Listener reported that Napier had risen from the ashes like a phoenix. Decisions had to be made about how to rebuild Napier and Hastings. It was not possible to stand without support, and the violent motion caused stone and brick buildings to collapse into the streets causing death and injury to hundreds who were … Napier Before 1931 Earthquake. A view of Napier marine parade before the earthquake. He added "Some inland parts of Hawke’s Bay felt this aftershock more strongly than 3 February quake. Two priests and seven students were killed when the stone chapel was destroyed. About 18 kilometres (11 mi) south of Napier is the inland city of Hastings. Here in the Napier region of New Zealand, the landscape saw a significant change in the 1931 earthquake with the land rising up more than 7 feet. The Veronica left Napier on Wednesday February 11th. The wind at this point also picked up strength and began blowing from the east, pushing the fires back over the city. Aftershocks continued to shake Hawke's Bay frequently until July 1931, where the average aftershock occurrence dropped to less than one daily. A group of prisoners working at Bluff Hill in Napier had four of their number buried in a landslip by the quake. 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