There are eight known species. It has Anticancer attribute which combats and prevents Cancer. In the present study, we evaluated t … Native to Madagascar, but grown elsewhere as an ornamental and medicinal plant. Catharanthus roseus, commonly called periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle or annual vinca, is an erect to spreading tender perennial in the dogbane family typically mounding 6-18” (less frequently to 24”) tall and as wide. These plants need regular moisture but don't do well with overhead watering. Synonyms : Vinca rosea L. Common Name : Baramasi, Sadaphuli, Periwinkle Plant Family : Apocynaceae Plant Form : Herb Occurrence (Sectors) : 1-30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Aranya Van About Catharanthus roseus Plant : The root of Rauwolfia serpentina (H. Sarpgandha) are used in lowering blood pressure, sedative, stimulator for uterine contraction and in mental diseases. The fruit is a pair of follicles 2–4 cm long and 3 mm broad.[5][6][4][7]. [3] It can be dangerous if consumed orally. Catharanthus roseus is one plant recognized well in Ayurveda. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. It is widely used in the treatment of Lung Cancer. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom ... Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don – Madagascar periwinkle Subordinate Taxa. It is small in size perennial herbaceous evergreen plant that was native to the Madagascar island. The flowers are white to dark pink with a darker red center, with a basal tube up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) long and a corolla up to 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter with five petal-like lobes. Although much attention has been paid to the metabolism and biosynthesis of monoterpene alkaloids in Catharanthus roseus, its value as an experimental host for a variety of agriculturally and economically important phytopathogenic bacteria warrants further study. The eighth species, C. pusillus, is native to India and Sri Lanka. Published online. Leaves opposite, borne on short petioles, 2.5-9.0 cm long, usually elliptical to obovate (egg-shaped in outline but with the narrower end at the base), green with paler veins . Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . It can be found in a variety of woodland, forest, and grassland locales, but one of its primary uses is a bedding plant in highway medians or commercial landscapes. Catharanthus roseus is a tropical hardy plant grown as a pot ornamental plant for its rosy or white flowers. The plant produces several flowers such as pink, red, lilac, white and light shade darks. Introduction. Unlike many other plants, Madagascar Periwinkle is best suited for poor, well-drained soil and may even fail to thrive in soils that are too fertile. The juice of leaves is used for removal of opacities of the cornea of the eyes. We generated an assembly of 523 Mb of the variety Sunstorm Apricot with an N50 scaffold size of 26.2 kbp and annotated a total of 33,829 genes. The leaves are oval to oblong, up to 3.6 inches (9 cm) long and up to 2 inches (3.5 cm) wide, glossy green, hairless, with a pale midrib and a short petiole up to 0.7 inches (1.8 cm) long. Catharanthus roseus is a long-lived (perennial) sub-shrub or herb, usually erect, 30-100 cm high and at least somewhat woody at the base, sometimes sprawling. roseus refers to the "rose-colored" flowers of some types. The leaves are arranged oppositely, to 8 cm long, 3 cm wide, oblong to elliptic to oblanceolate, with an entire leaf margin, and a round to mucronate apex. Catharanthus roseus Periwinkle, Madagascar Periwinkle, Vinca 1. roseus, Hottonia littoralis, Lachnea rosea, Lochnera rosea, Pervinca rosea, Vinca gulielmi-waldemarii, Vinca speciosa, Color: White to dark pink with a darker red center 1838, non Lochneria Scopoli 1777. It is known for its antitumour, anti-diabetic, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant and anti-mutagenic effects. Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. Synonyms include Vinca rosea (the basionym), Ammocallis rosea, and Lochnera rosea; other English names occasionally used include Cape Periwinkle, Rose … II, 1987 Information Listing > References. This is a 1m tall perennial herb with oppositely arranged leaves. Only C. roseus is widely cultivated. [5] The substances vinblastine and vincristine extracted from the plant are used in the treatment of leukaemia. (Source:AHS Encyclopedia) . 1837. BACK TO genus Catharanthus It is native and endemic to Madagascar, but grown elsewhere as an ornamental and medicinal plant, a source of the drugs vincristine and vinblastine, used to treat cancer. It is noted for its long flowering period, throughout the year in tropical conditions, and from spring to late autumn in warm temperate climates. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. © 1997-2020 LUMITOS AG, All rights reserved, https://www.chemeurope.com/en/encyclopedia/Catharanthus_roseus.html, Your browser is not current. Find out how LUMITOS supports you with online marketing. With an accout for my.chemeurope.com you can always see everything at a glance – and you can configure your own website and individual newsletter. [1][2], In the wild, it is an endangered plant; the main cause of decline is habitat destruction by slash and burn agriculture. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE. A distinct characteristic of the Plantae Kingdom is that each cell is surrounded by a cell wall made of cellulose. It is a source of the drugs vincristine and vinblastine, used to treat cancer. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. Catharanthus roseus grows as glabrous, perennial herb up to 80 cm in height. Catharanthus roseus is an evergreen subshrub or herbaceous plant growing up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall. The fruit is a pair of follicles up to 1.6 inches (4 cm) long. [3] It can be hallucinogenic, and is cited (under its synonym Vinca rosea) in the Louisiana State Act 159. The genus Catharanthus comprises 8 species, all originating from Madagascar except for … Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. Catharanthus roseus, commonly called periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle or annual vinca is a common ornamental plant grown in the gardens of residential and official compounds. To use all the functions on Chemie.DE please activate JavaScript. It was formerly included in the genus Vinca as Vinca rosea. In the present, it has been naturalized in all tropical regions of the world. This plant has no children Legal Status. Missouri Botanical Garden. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The bark of Alstonia scholaris is a febrifuga. 583. [4], C. roseus is used in plant pathology as an experimental host for phytoplasmas. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Also known as Vinca rosea, Vinca multiflora, periwinkle grows 7- to 24-inches-high and wide, forming a mound of colorful flowers in white, pink, or rosy-purple on brittle stems (Fig. The species has long been cultivated for herbal medicine and as an ornamental plant. All rights reserved. The name Catharanthus comes from the Greek for "pure flower". Tropicos.org 2017. Muriel Le Roux, Françoise Guéritte, in Navelbine® and Taxotere®, 2017. Flor de todo el afio in language. Type: Cult. Your browser does not support JavaScript. Edward F. Gilman and Teresa Howe 2. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 6. International Plant Names Index. Find out more about the company LUMITOS and our team. Published on the internet. popular varieties include Cooler Series, Pacifica seres,Pacifica Punch,Parasol,Pretty Series and Pretty Series "Pretty in Rose". 3.1.1 Creation of the genus Catharanthus. NatureServe is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Catharanthus. Due to Antidiabetic properties, it regulates blood Sugar levels and prevents Diabetes. this annual is sometimes listed by the old scientific name of Vinca rosea , and its solitary flowers resemble those of the Spring-blooming groundcover Vinca minor . It belongs to the Apocynaceae family of flowering plants and is native of South-eastern and eastern Madagascar found growing as wild plant species in rain forest. 1). [3] It is also however widely cultivated and is naturalised in subtropical and tropical areas of the world. See the genome browser, BLAST search site, and Dryad download pagefor access to the data. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don is a medicinal plant of the Apocynaceae family, originally from Madagascar. Anti-cancerous drugs are extracted from Catharanthus roseus. [8] This is because it is easy to infect with a large majority of phytoplasmas, and also often has very distinctive symptoms such as phyllody and significantly reduced leaf size.[9]. Madagascar Periwinkle in language. Published on the internet. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don Common names Cangrejera in language. Catharanthus roseus (Vinca) also known as the Madagascar periwinkle or rosy periwinkle or Sadabahar is grown as an ornamental plant in the garden. Catharanthus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Stems cylindrical (terete), longitudinally ridged or narrowly winged, green or dark red, pubescent at least when young. Catharanthus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae.Like the genus Vinca, they are known commonly as periwinkles. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. 2017. Copyright © 2013-2020 World of Flowering Plants. 2015. Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar Periwinkle), How to Grow and Care for Madagascar Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus). It produces attractive bushy foliage that is covered by an often profuse bloom of phlox-like flowers from summer to frost. Under Section 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) of the cornea of the eyes anti-oxidant and anti-mutagenic effects treat. Flowers such as pink, red, pubescent at least when young Periwinkle Vinca. The Board of Trustees of the Internal Revenue Code are non-mobile rosea ) in the present, it also... Herb with oppositely arranged leaves of some types G.Don Common names Cangrejera in language natureserve is source! 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