The leaves are crisped and wavy. Rumex obtusifolius Overview. Curly and broadleaf dock . It is noted for attracting wildlife. Rumex obtusifolius is sometimes used for medicinal purposes (USDA-NRCS 2008). Which Docks Are Edible? The young leaves are sometimes used in salads, bitter but pleasing as part of a mix, with a slightly laxative effect. Our findings suggest that control of these highly troublesome weeds can be assisted by appropriate agricultural practices, notably exposing cut fragments to drying … hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius) Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves. Introduced in Russian Far East, Sri Lanka, Malesia, China, Japan, Korea, South Africa, North America (widespread, including Alaska, Greenland), Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (except northern Brazil), New Zealand Rumex alpinus was used as a laxative, and to treat stomach problems in Bulgaria and Ukraine, and in Turkey against diarrhoea, constipation and eczema (Šťastná et al., 2010). Broadleaf dock is found in most of the western states, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota. General information about Rumex obtusifolius (RUMOB) Euromediterranean region (except southeast), Siberia, Western Asia. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. They are quite a troublesome group because members easily cross-breed – broad-leaved dock especially with Scottish dock ( R. aquaticus ), water dock ( R. hydrolapathum ), curled dock ( R. crispus ) and northern dock ( R. longifolius ). Scientific name: Rumex obtusifolius Broad-leaved dock is well-known to most of us as the remedy for Stinging nettle irritations. 20 grow in Finland. Mature plants are capable of w... More... More information. Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. The leaf stalks are used in salads. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. Broadleaf dock is treated as a weed which is somewhat poisonous. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The seeds are reddish to brown in color. The common Dock of our fields and roadsides, rumex obtusifolius, has a reputation among children as the best antidote to nettle sting, a reputation which is very well deserved as Clarke can testify. Dicamba (benzoic acid) is effective on curly dock ( Rumex crispus) but not on broadleaf dock ( R. obtusifolius ). Picloram (pyridine) is effective on most Rumex species. Rumex obtusifolius PID1745-1.jpg 901 × 1,200; 352 KB Rumex obtusifolius PID1746-1.jpg 901 × 1,200; 295 KB Rumex obtusifolius PID1748-1.jpg 900 × 1,200; 234 KB Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Family: Polygonaceae . Rumex Acetosa Rumex diminishes the secretions of mucous membranes, and at the same time exalts sensibility of the mucous membranes of the larynx and trachea. Similar to broad-leaved dock except for its leaves which are narrower, with crinkled edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base. The plant produces milk which cause mild dermatitis. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). A poultice of crushed leaves is a suggested natural remedy for stings, including the injury done by stinging nettles. ; A.J. ; for which purpose we prefer the Rumex crispus, which is principally employed for its alterative and tonic influences in all cases where these are desired. Related plants. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Rumex crispus ssp. Rumex acetosa. This species is well known for rubbing the long deep green leaves on the skin as an antidote to a nettle sting. Genus Rumex is comprised of some 200 species wordwide, of which approx. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. uliginosus occurs on tidal estuarine mud. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. Preparations from old material are worthless, but very … Rumex hymenosepalus has been cultivated in the Southwestern U.S. to use in leather tanning, while leaves and stems are used for a mustard-colored dye . MacDaniels 3984: 3/6/2018 - David Werier Ulster: 2010: BKL – BKL00098333 Herbarium Name Used: Rumex obtusifolius 2,4-DB amine or 2,4-D ester are effective when applied beforethe flower stalk elongates, but … Similar interactions of increasing soil depth and desiccation were found in reductions in dry weight, number of tillers and leaf area, with R. obtusifolius generally, but not exclusively, better able to withstand more extreme trial conditions. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and some lower leaves have red stems. Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. Fiddle dock (Rumex pulcher) The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Since the seeds and seed stalks persist through the winter season, you can identify this plant by the fruit’s wings even in the winter. The flowers are greenish at first which turns red when they get matured. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). —The dock roots are decidedly alterative, tonic, mildly astringent, and detergent, and are eminently useful in scorbutic, cutaneous, scrofulous, scirrhous and syphilitic affections, leprosy, elephantiasis, etc. fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex … Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … It is native to Northern Ireland and a number of other countries in Africa, temperate Asia, and Europe (GRIN Taxonomy Database, 2009). Often considered a 'weed', it can be found next to water or on disturbed ground almost anywhere. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. littoreus has a coastal distribution, and Rumex crispus ssp. R. obtusifolius can be an invasive species on account of its prolific production of seeds, which can remain viable for a long time, its capability for vegetative reproduction, and adaptability to different environments. Rumex obtusifolius. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen in August. Rumex crispus ssp. It is used in folklore medicine, and has been used as an antidote to nettle, depurative, astringent laxative and for the treatment of sores, blisters, burns, cancer and tumours (Dr Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases, 2009 in Harshaw et al ., 2010). Genus. Rumex patientia is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. Leaves can be used as a vegetable; roots and seeds may be used for herbal or medicinal purposes Found in similar places to broadleaved dock. crispus occurs on waste and cultivated ground. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). Rumex spp. In Ireland, R. obtusifolius is used as astringent, laxative, tonic, antidote to nettle, and for the treatment of sores, blisters, burns and cancer (Harshaw et al., 2010). Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Rumex obtusifolius L. 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